The information stated below should be used as a guideline to attenuate injuries associated with gemstone equipment. However, , 토토 꽁머니 it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater gemstone safety.
What is a Public Gemstone?
A public gemstone refers to one intended to be taken by children ages 6 months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family homes, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.
Information in this article:
General gemstone safety considerations
Gemstone materials and appearing
Identifying specific gemstone hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a gemstone and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to attenuate random falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when installation of your gemstone:
Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to the equipment for children with ailments.
Age Split up: Areas for different age groups should be separated by a buffer zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.
Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age groups. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Be mindful of this group that will be using the gemstone and purchase accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: The gemstone should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place golf swings and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. Falls should not be placed in a overloaded area.
Attention Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the gemstone. Benches placed around the not in the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch the.
Signage and/or Labeling: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance for the age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.
Supervision: Make sure the supervisor recognizes the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a gemstone, there are a few factors that are important take into consideration:
Travel patterns to and from the gemstone: Are there any hazards in the way? If so, clear the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep slopes, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby threat? If so, provide a means to contain children within the gemstone (fence, hedge). Please remember the fences or hedge should still allow remark by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, falls, platforms, steps or appearing enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to uv rays during the most intense portion of the day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is shaded. Provide warnings that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider shade providing the gemstone with a shade structure.
Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a gemstone, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a gemstone installer. Remember to keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all examinations and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the equipment before the first use, including the hardware.
Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone posts, etc) and coatings that contain pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Water piping Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, this treatment is no longer safe it could corrode certain materials faster than others.
Avoid bare metal for platforms, falls or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic coated metal, plastic or wood. Covering the gemstone with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic coated metal, consider:
Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot eat, take in air or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of chemical chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should meet the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and corrosion.
Things to check regarding hardware:
All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be completely removable without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against accidental or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no distance or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper gemstone surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the gemstone equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to ease the impact of a child’s fall. Your lawn and dirt are not recommended for appearing material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of appearing material: unitary and loose-fill.
Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested rubber exercise mats or a pour-in-place energy absorbing material. These kinds of appearing options are great for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.
CCA treated wood mulch, small or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.
Loose fill materials will decrease at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill making use zone with more than the recommended fill level. For example, if the gemstone will require 9 size of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 size.
Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, manufactured wood fiber, etc.
Shredded/recycled rubber mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
When choosing gemstone equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and stages of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are created to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a gemstone for a school or public park, you should check your california’s guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the gemstone.
Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, moving the entrances, giant strides, climbing basics that are not secured at both ends, piece of string golf swings or rock golf swings. Equipment such as platforms, moved platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and way of access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age groups (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.
It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Remember to provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will feel comfortable using the equipment.
There are 6 main categories of gemstone hazards:
Crush and Shear Points: Crush and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative together, or or a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a crush or shear point, consider: the reality a child could easily get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.
Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other upper body clothing can become entangled in gemstone equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any basics, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to gemstone equipment and prevent equipment with basics that are not secured at both ends. Projections on gemstone equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor whenever they be large enough to impale.
Entrapment: Head entrapment can occur feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment threat if the distance between any interior enemy surfaces is greater than 3. 5 size and less than 9 size. Children can become entrapped by somewhat bound openings, such as those formed by two or more gemstone parts. To attenuate entrapment hazards of moved platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between moved platforms.
Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are circular and all metal edges are rolled or have circular capping.
Suspended Hazards: Suspended components should be placed away from high traffic areas, brightly colored and should not trap back on themselves.
Tripping: Playgrounds should get rid any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in level, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill appearing.
All gemstone areas should be inspected for excessive wear, damage and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough examinations will depend on the sort and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill appearing level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it must be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When inspecting loose-fill appearing materials, pay particular attention to areas under golf swings and at slide exits, pooled water on mulch appearing and areas of frozen appearing.
Records of the following should always be retained:
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A moved platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so that the child can hover near and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.
Guardrails and protective barriers are used to attenuate it is likely that random falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling over the top and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will interfere with the intended use of the equipment, such as climbing equipment.
Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:
There are several things to consider when choosing the perfect gemstone for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children happen to be and from the gemstone, to spot any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the distinct attention of those supervising the at play.
ParknPool Corp. is the leading online distributor of commercial site amenities such as playgrounds, bleachers, picnic tables, park benches, and a waste of money receptacles. For additional information concerning the safety of specific gemstone equipment please contact ParknPool at 877. 777. 3700. We have made sure our units have what children want, and parents need. When it comes to kids, safety and fun have to play nice with each other!